"Democracy has been beneficial for the continent and for our country. We know, however, that the price of freedom is eternal vigilance, and vigilant we shall be here in Ghana. We shall not let our guard down, and allow the clammy embrace of the people by anti-democrats, who are disdainful and incapable of effective popular mobilisation through accepted channels, but who want shortcuts to power without the express support of the people."
These were the words of the President Nana Akufo-Addo, when he delivered a speech at the 2021 Ghana Bar Conference, held in Bolgatanga, capital of the Upper East Region, on Monday, 13th September 2021.
Many are of the view that the comment of President Akufo-Addo who is also the Chairman of ECOWAS, were informed by events in Guinea Conakry, where a group of the Military led by Colonel MamadyDoumbouya, a special forces commander and former French Foreign Legionnaire.
Guinea's new military rulers had ousted President Alpha Conde, a friend to President Akufo-Addo on September 5, 2021, and yesterday began consultations with political, religious and business leaders on which they say will lead to the formation of a transitional government.
Recently, President Akufo-Addo, refunded almost GHS238,000 given him as a salary increment for the year 2021.
He got the money, while many Ghanaians workers cry for salary adjustment complaining that the economic situation in the country was getting worse by the day. A similar situation had led to the military takeover in Guinea.
But addressing the gathering, President Akufo-Addo, data and history have proven, beyond all reasonable doubt, that all aspects of national life have witnessed significant improvements under democratic dispensations, in comparison to periods of military rule.
According to the President, "The 1970s and 1980s, the periods of unbridled authoritarian rule on the continent, were the eras of economic decline, worsening poverty, collapsing infrastructure and insecurity on our continent. GDP per capita in 1970, for example, according to the World Bank, stood at $220".
He added that the "third wave of democratization" in Africa, beginning in the 1990s, saw GDP per capita rise, substantially, to six hundred and five dollars ($605) in 1995, declined marginally to five hundred and forty-seven dollars ($547) in the year 2000, and, in 2017, increased to one thousand, five hundred and fifty dollars ($1,550).
In Ghana, President Akufo-Addo, stated that GDP per capita was three hundred and ninety-eight dollars ($398) in 1990, declined to two hundred and fifty-eight dollars ($258) in 2000, and it is now two thousand, two hundred and twenty-three dollars ($2,223).
Another key index of Human Development, life expectancy at birth, he said, was estimated by the World Bank at forty-five (45) years in 1970 in sub-Saharan Africa.
"By 1990, this had increased to fifty (50) years, and, in 2019, life expectancy at birth on the continent was sixty-one (61) years. In Ghana, it was forty-nine (49) years in 1970, and sixty-four (64) years in 2019. According to data from the World Bank, primary school enrolment in sub-Saharan Africa in 1970 stood at 54%, and had increased to 98.9% in 2019. It was 64% for us in Ghana in 1970, and by 2019, stood at 105% in 2019," he said.
According to the President, the implementation of the Free Senior High School policy has brought 1.2 million Ghanaian children into the education ecosystem, the highest number of students in secondary school in Ghana's history, four hundred thousand (400,000) of whom would otherwise have been excluded.
Additionally, he indicated that the National Health Insurance Scheme is operating more adequately, and is enjoying the confidence of the increasing numbers of its users, with the number of active members up from 10.6 million in 2016 to 12.3 million at the end of 2019, stressing that "the goal in sight is to attain Universal Health Coverage for all".
With next year marking the 30th anniversary of the 1992 Referendum, President Akufo-Addo noted that the Ghanaian people showed through that process their commitment to democratic governance under a Constitution that guarantees the full enjoyment of fundamental human rights and civil liberties.
"The decision has ushered our nation into the longest, uninterrupted period of stable, constitutional democratic governance in her history, which has experienced, under the 4th Republic, three (3) peaceful transfers of power through the ballot box on three (3) separate occasions. The anti-democrats, who are always looking for occasions to sneer at democratic governance, should also bear the following data in mind," he said.
Bar Conferences, the President explained, became concerned with constitutional rule, freedom of the press, independence of the judiciary and other matters that were of paramount interest to the citizens, who wanted to live under a governance structure that was insulated from authoritarian rule, whether of the one-party Union Government or military variety.
"The Bar joined, wholeheartedly, in the search of the people for democratic governance, where power emanates from the open decision of the ballot box, not from the coercive force of the gun, secretly undertaken behind the backs of the people," he added.
Addressing journalists, the Director of Communications, Eugene Arhin at the Jubilee House on Tuesday, September 7, 2021 said the President has refunded the money to the Accountant-General's Department.
He explained that the move is in relation to a directive he gave indicating that all members of the Executives will not have their salaries increased.
"The President had made it clear on May Day, even before the recommendations from the [Emolument] Committee, that he, the Vice President, Ministers, and Deputy Ministers of State were not going to take any salary increment. He has refunded his, close to the tune of GH¢238,000."
He also indicated that the president has instructed the Chief of Staff to ensure that other officeholders, including some staff members at the Jubilee House, follow suit.
"With respect to the others, Deputy Ministers, Ministers and also the Vice President as well, all of those refunds will be made. The President made his on the second of this month, that is, last week Thursday and other appointees will also follow suit," he said
The Professor YaaNtiamoa-Baidu Emoluments Committee last year, recommended an increment in the President's salary from GHS29,899 to GHS47,277, as well as an increase in the salaries for Members of Parliament and Ministers, among other Article 71 Officeholders.
Article 71 Office holders include the President, the Vice-President, the Speaker of Parliament, the Chief Justice, and Justices of the Supreme Court.
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